China is expected to stop phosphate exports, food production prices will rise

Posted on 2021-10-09
The cost of producing food will increase with the Chinese government expecting to limit the production and export of a crucial agricultural fertilizer.
Key points
  • Chinese phosphate fertilizer manufacturers are expected to stop exporting for more than six months
  • Already, high prices for important fertilizers are likely to rise
  • Movements to curb production are not related to Chinese Australian trade tensions
China’s economic planning body, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), is moving to limit the production and export of phosphates until the middle of next year.
Phosphorus is an important nutrient in the plant. Australian grain farmers use the granulated fertilizer when planting to establish crops.
The fertilizer is made from phosphate rock reserves, which are mainly mined in China, Morocco, Western Sahara, the United States and Russia.
Last year, 65 percent of the monoammonium phosphate (MAP) fertilizer used in Australia came from China.
Phosphate editor with fertilizer market publication Argus, Harry Minihan, said that US import duties on phosphates of Moroccan and Russian origin had caused the price of the product to double in the past year.
“The Chinese government wants to make sure there are enough products in the country for farmers, and they are also trying to reduce emissions.”
However, this will cause pain for other nations.
“China is the largest supplier of phosphate to Australia and if there is a restriction on exports, it will have a real significant impact on Australian buyers.”
Not a trade issue
While a phosphate shortage will increase costs for Australian farmers, Mr Minihan said restricting exports was not related to trade tensions between the two nations.
“This is also going to have serious effects on other major importers,” he said.
“It is not just Australia that is affected.
“India is the world’s largest DAP importer and they still have significant requirements for their winter rabies season.”
Difficult purchasing decisions
Australian grain farmers use the granulated phosphate fertilizer at planting to establish crops. 
Wes Lefroy, an agricultural analyst at Rabobank, said prices were also high across agricultural inputs, including chemicals.
“Also from a glyphosate perspective, prices from China have more than doubled this year, and about 65 per cent of the globe’s glyphosate comes from China, and that represents a large share of Australian supplies.”
Sir. Lefroy said there was no reason to expect fertilizer prices to fall by next season.
Currently, urea and phosphorus fertilizers are trading on each side at $ 1,000 a ton, much higher than usual.
“We expect prices to remain high in 2022, putting farmers in a difficult position ahead of next season,” he said.


Source: ABC
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